PHOTOS BY BALDOR ELECTRIC COMPANY

Aug 28, 2017

Tips and Tricks to Prevent Electric Motor Headaches

Avoid mistakes like using improper lubricants or the wrong voltage

In all aspects of business, having dependable equipment is crucial to ensuring optimal performance and profitability. This couldn’t be truer in the feed and grain industry where time and productivity is of the essence. However, the conditions to which electric motors are exposed to in this environment are very different from typical electric motor applications like warehouses or manufacturing facilities.

The most common electric motor failure in the industry is by far bearing failures. In feed and grain facility applications, these failures can be attributed to a number of factors. The most common is exposure to weather and the elements. For instance, the auger motors found on the legs of grain bins is one example of an outdoor application where shelter is typically not provided. In order for these motors to provide a respectable service life, it is imperative that they feature proper shaft sealing and moisture protection.

Troubleshooting lubrication problems

Not always is weather or moisture to blame for bearing failures. Correct lubrication and maintenance is key to ensuring long service life for any electric motor. Some common questions fielded over the years surrounding lubrication include:

  • Why do some motors have grease fittings and some do not?
  • How often should I add grease to my motor?
  • What kind of grease should I use?
  • Why is there a puddle of oil coming out of the grease relief?

Motors with grease fittings feature regreasable bearings, while motors without grease fittings feature double sealed, lubricated for life bearings. Do regreasable bearings last longer than sealed bearings? The answer to this question all depends on the greasing frequency, and if the correct, or compatible, grease is being applied.

For an electric motor that is running 24/7/365, itmay only need to have grease reapplied once or twice a year. The standard grease for most all electric motor manufacturers is Polyrex EM. If incompatible grease is applied, the physical and chemical structure will be altered and one of two things will happen:

  1. A reaction will occur preventing the base oil from being released, so the grease hardens like clay.
  2. A reaction will occur causing the base oil to be released from the chemical structure producing an oil puddle.

Overcoming voltage sag

Another set of common problems found in feed and grain industry applications is low supply voltage at the motor and voltage sag. Voltage sag is usually the result of starting multiple motors at one time. Performing a staggered starting sequence will help to prevent a voltage sag situation from occurring. Low voltage situations, on the other hand, are common largely because of the rural nature of this industry and being far from the power source on the grid. It is a good idea to meter the voltage before connecting a motor or piece of equipment to ensure that adequate line voltage is available.

In rural areas it is not uncommon to see 230-volt service actually meter closer to 200 to 208 volts. Trying to operate a motor outside of its allowable voltage limits can cause welded switch contacts, failed start capacitors, and even premature winding failures.

To prevent these types of problems, it is a good idea to meter the voltage before connecting a motor or piece of equipment. If a low voltage situation is discovered, there are electric motors designed to accept 200 to 208 volts. The best practice is to always contact a local motor shop or the equipment supplier for advice on how to proceed if the voltage is lower than the specified requirements.

Recently Added to Buyer's Guide

Ribbon Blenders

  • 5-cubic-foot unit features special three-piece grate designed with angled and pitched profile
  • All three sections of the grating have position sensors which interlock with the control panel, ensuring operator safety while running

Infinifeed Loop

  • Continuous feed loop system
  • Capacities available up to 1,800 bushels/hour

Loop Conveyor System

  • Can be used to fill and empty grain bins and flat storage structures or applied to feed processing and other conveying applications
  • Available in 8-, 10- and 12-inch diameters with capacities up to 10,000 bushels/hour

BioShield

  • 5-minute ELISA testing kit
  • Use a common extraction protocol for ease of use

Q-Sage Air Screen Cleaners

  • Separates grain by length and size to specifications
  • Numerous flow patterns available to accommodate each unique product and processing need

Vertical Blender

  • For reliable, gentle mixing of friable solids, abrasive materials and shear-sensitive products
  • For processing large volumes where floor space is limited

Magazine

Marketwatch: Aug, 18

US Corn Price Idx: ZCPAUS.CM

open: 6.6945
high: 6.737
low: 6.6326
close: 6.6866

US Soybean Price Idx: ZSPAUS.CM

open: 14.3219
high: 14.4169
low: 14.2107
close: 14.3029

US Hard Red Winter Wheat Price Idx: KEPAUS.CM

open: 8.3035
high: 8.351
low: 7.9626
close: 8.0508

US Soft Red Winter Wheat Price Idx: ZWPAUS.CM

open: 7.3573
high: 7.4048
low: 7.0429
close: 7.0505