Stepanuch | BIGSTOCK

Oct 12, 2022

Soybean Color Variation Poses Challenges for Grain Buyers

Soybeans of Other Colors (SBOC) are causing grading issues for grain buyers, exporters alike

Soybeans of other Colors (SBOC) is yet another challenging issue the agriculture industry has had to face this year.

Simply stated, SBOC includes soybeans that have green, black, brown or bicolored seed coats. While they are nothing new, in the last 3 to 5 years there’s been a marked increase.

As of July, 25% of USDA certificates for U.S. No. 2 soybean or lower was due to SBOC, meaning the amount of SBOC in U.S. No. 1 soybean has increased threefold.

No correlation between color and quality

Initial end-use testing indicates no correlation between the seed coat color issues and the final quality of the interior of the soybean. Meal and oil tests seem to indicate normal results.

These varieties also have specific other agronomic advantages related to weed control.

Unfortunately, because of SBOC more and more soybeans are not making grade as No. 1 or No. 2 using current Federal Grain Inspection Service grading factors, making it harder for farmers to find markets.

SBOC is leading to rejections at either the origin or destination of these shipments. Furthermore, a high level of SBOC can result in monetary discounts on the crops.

CGI, NGFA working together to find solutions

Columbia Grain has been working with the National Grain and Feed Association (NGFA) and the North American Export Grain Association to navigate the hurdles presented by SBOC and find solutions for their producers and end users.

“CGI plans to actively engage on this topic to make our producers and others aware of the challenges,” said Jeff Van Pevenage, CEO and president of CGI.

“It’s our job to inform the producer about the markets in which their soybeans can be sold. SBOC increases risk for all in the value chain.”

Other countries don't use seed coat color as a grading factor

CGI is in favor of working together as an industry to conduct independent research to determine if functionality is impacted by seed coat discoloration associated with currently commercially available genetically engineered seeds, looking at the impact of coat discoloration on processing as well as on the nutritional values of soybeans and their products/ byproducts.

“Other major soy producing and exporting countries do not use seed coat color as a grading factor in their grading standards,” said Van Pevenage.

“The U.S. is at a disadvantage compared to other export competitors because of SBOC and we are committed to addressing this issue to support our customers to continue our mission of nourishing the world, safely.”

Kurt Haarmann, senior vice president of CGI's Grain Division, said his company takes great care in making sure it follows the grading standards set forth by the USDA to help assure that it can then meet the requirements when CGI sells the commodities purchased from its producers.

“We segregate grain and oilseeds to the best of our ability based on grade factors we are seeing and the requirements of the export market," he explains.

"Columbia Grain is actively working with other industry partners through our representatives at the NGFA and the North American Export Grain Association to address this problem with our buyers and the Federal Grain Inspection Service.

"We urge our producers to contact their CGI representative if they feel this could be a problem for their crop.”

Feed & Grain Staff

Sponsored Items

Recently Added to Buyer's Guide

Glyphosate-V

  • Quantitative method to detect glyphosate in various sample types, such as cereal grains
  • Results in 15 minutes

NeoSpectra

  • Instant, on-site analysis of feeds and feed ingredients
  • Platform includes easy-to-use software

MaconFortress Permanent Storage Cover

  • 15-year fabric warranty
  • Withstands high speed winds

Hoop Building

  • Economical solution for permanent grain storage
  • Lower electric and labor costs than grain piles/bunkers

BBU Big Bag Unloader

  • Modular system can be equipped with vibrating motor, pneumatic under massagers and stretch system
  • Designed to discharge difficult products, such as fine powders, in tight spaces

CUB Railcar Mover

  • Designed to move single railcars or groups of cars
  • For small- to mid-size loading, unloading and repositioning applications

Magazine

Marketwatch: Feb, 01

US Corn Price Idx: ZCPAUS.CM

open: 6.8325
high: 6.8875
low: 6.7808
close: 6.8028

US Soybean Price Idx: ZSPAUS.CM

open: 14.9025
high: 15.0323
low: 14.8598
close: 14.969

US Hard Red Winter Wheat Price Idx: KEPAUS.CM

open: 8.2642
high: 8.4037
low: 8.2167
close: 8.374

US Soft Red Winter Wheat Price Idx: ZWPAUS.CM

open: 6.8955
high: 7.0355
low: 6.8905
close: 7.0099