Research Highlight: Using Radiation to Control Pests
Can assist in quarantining ag commodities, reducing food-borne illnesses
A study authored by Center for Grain and Animal Health Research (CGAHR) entomologist G.L. Hallman by Submitted to the Journal of Stored Products Research. It stated the use of food irradiation is increasing in the world because it can assist in solving some food problems such as food-borne illness and quarantine of agricultural commodities. This review article focuses on the use of irradiation in stored products for pest control. The doses required to control stored product pests range from 50 Gy for yellow mealworm to 450 Gy for Angoumois grain moth.
Although small amounts of grain and pulses are irradiated in the world today, that amount is increasing, especially in Asia. Thirty three countries permit irradiation of some stored products with 14 permitting it for all stored products. One area that may show promise for use on exported grain is to prevent seeds from invasive plants from growing.
Prior to ADAA, only two categories of animal feed drugs existed, over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription (Rx) — all animal drugs approved for use were OTC. VFD products, however, sit in the middle between OTC and Rx animal drugs.
Even though a description of the NASS crop production forecast methodology is widely available, there always seems to be some misconceptions about how NASS makes corn and soybean yield forecasts. A brief overview of that methodology is repeated here. While this summary does not do full justice to the very comprehensive forecasting methodology, it is presented to assist in placing the upcoming yield forecasts in the proper perspective.