Export sales report was strong for corn and old crop soybeans, but a sale for new crop soybeans may help lift soybeans for the second straight day.
The grains shed a couple pennies in the overnight session with old crop corn down 2 cents, Chicago wheat down 1 cent, and august soybeans down ¾ of a cent. Expectations at the office here are for a continuation of yesterday’s bounce, but we are concerned that the upside potential will be limited as strong selling pressure will likely meet any sharp rally. A strong new crop soybean sale to china should also help support the market this morning.
Corn had great export sales this week beating expectations for both old and new crop. Old crop sales came in at 573,700 MT which was well over expectations of 250,000 to 350,000. Old crop corn still ahead of pace to meet USDA expectations by about 43 million bushels.
Soybeans met analyst expectations for both old and new crop. Old crop sales were small, but at least they were positive which kept soybean sales well ahead of pace to meet analyst expectations. This week's 37,700 MT pushed old crop sales now 38.7 million bushels ahead of existing export projections which indicates that net cancellations must occur between now and Aug. 31 to meet USDA projections. New crop sales were slightly lower than expected with only 495,000 MT booked, compared to expectations between 500,000-700,000 MT. However, a reportable sale announced this morning of 708,000 MT of U.S soybeans to China should help lift the market. Wheat sales missed expectations to the low side only booking 320,700 MT compared to expectations of 400,000-550,000 MT.
The European Union will begin taxing corn imports at a rate of $7.2 per metric ton. This was announced following U.S. export prices at the gulf moving below levels required by the European commission. Imports of corn have not been taxed since August 2010 and this is viewed as negative news for U.S. corn prices.
Port worker strikes in Argentina continued on Thursday. The key export facility of Rosario has come to a standstill as port workers and grain inspectors are demanding higher wages. Argentina is a major exporter of soymeal and soyoil, and the strike has worked to underpin the soy complex in the last two days.
Exports sales combined with oversold technical conditions helped to produce a snapback for corn, soybeans, and wheat today. We discuss the export sales, Argentina news, and ethanol production on today's GrainTV.
Grains are continuing lower after this morning’s USDA report. Corn is down 9 cents and soybeans is trading 20 cents lower for the new crop contracts. This report was generally in-line with expectations for soybeans, but 2014/15 corn ending stocks were roughly 25 million bushels above trade expectations.
Old crop corn carryout was raised 100 million bushels, bringing 2013/14 carryout to 1.246 billion bushels. 2014/15 production was lower 75 million bushels as planted acres and harvested acres were lowered from the June report slightly. Yield was left unchanged at 165.3 bushels per acre. On net, supply for 2014/15 was raised 25 million bushels as a result of larger old crop carryout. Feed and residual use was down 50 million bushels and all other demand side numbers were left unchanged. On net, 2014/15 ending stocks were raised 75 million bushels to 1801 million bushels – 25 million bushels above trade expectations coming into the report. The USDA did not aggressively increase demand numbers for 2014/15 as some traders had expected coming into the report. Overall negative report for corn and we are now testing technical support at $3.80. Adding to the bearish sentiment was world corn ending stocks which were raised 5.4 million metric tons (3%) from the June report.
The old crop balance sheet was one of the items that fueled soybean selling in the wake of the USDA supply and demand report. Ending stocks jumping 15 million bushels from last month’s report catching some traders off guard and triggering selling throughout the soybean complex. The ending stocks increase was primarily driven by a negative residual number of -69 million bushels. In the last 21 growing seasons and most likely further back than that we have only seen one year with a negative residual number and that was the 2011/12 growing season when we recorded a -2 million bushel residual. We did have an increase in both crushing’s and exports by 25 million bushels and 20 million bushels respectively to eat through some of the beans but ending stocks were raised to 140 million bushels in the end. This has weighed heavily on the bull spread between August and November futures.
New crop soybean ending stocks missed analyst expectations, showing 415 million bushels instead of the anticipated 418 million bushels. The difference was not significant enough to cause any kind of bullish move and the market quickly sold into the report. The USDA revised total supply up 180 million bushels over the June report and increased demand a little over 4% adding 40 million bushels to crushing and 50 million bushels to export sales. Overall this is a report met trade expectations for 2014/15 ending stocks. World soybean ending stocks were raised by 2.43 million metric tons, but this was almost entirely made up of increases to US ending stocks. Overall a neutral report for soybeans but the argument can still be made that $10.70 futures will not hold through harvest with ending stocks at 415 million bushels for the upcoming marketing season.
With the crop good-to-excellent ratings on soybeans at a 20 year highs, yield will likely be left alone from the June report.
With the crop good-to-excellent ratings on soybeans at a 20 year highs, yield will likely be left alone from the June report. This means 14/15 soybean supply is likely to come out 169 million bushels over last month's WASDE report and up 425 million bushels from last year. The average analyst expects ending stocks to be reported at 418 million bushels which would imply that demand would increase nearly 76 million bushels from June's report, less than half the expected supply increase. Looking back over the last 14 years we would expect the majority of the demand gains to come from exports which responds more readily to large changes in supply and price. In 2006/07 when supply increased 10% year-over-year, export sales made up nearly ¾ of the demand response to the increased production. In 2009/10, another year with a 10% increase in supply, we saw export sales account for 70% of the demand response year-over-year.
Trade estimates for 14/15 U.S. soybean ending stocks do not factor in a robust response from the demand side as seen in 2009/10 or 2006/07. This sets up the soybean market for a potentially positive report on Friday following weeks of sharp selling. We feel any bounce should be used as a pricing opportunity as the long term fundamentals still look undoubtedly bearish. During the 2006/07 marketing year prices approached $9.00 per bushel and looking back to 1975 soybean prices have found support around the $9.00 per bushel level. These historical benchmarks are important as we enter a very different marketing year from what traders have become accustomed to in recent growing seasons.
Please call the office if you have questions regarding your marketing strategy as we enter harvest. Our number is 877-472-4607 and we would be happy to discuss the markets.
Today Cody and Logan discuss the spread between old crop and new crop soybeans and what that could mean to the August soybean contract. They also dig into the expectations for Friday's WASDE report and talk about what that means to soybean demand.
Expand your horizons to include a world market view
We all have our own set of eyes and ways of perceiving everything. We tend to get caught up in our own world and think that what's in front of us is all there is ... but this is completely untrue. This spring taught me that very valuable lesson.
Mother Nature showed us her forces this year in Michigan. We came out of a hard, cold winter that we thought would never end to an unforeseeable spring. First, spring felt like winter for awhile and then we fell into a wet spell. The producers around my area started to become upset and scared about planting season. Even I was afraid for not only my father, but also for every customer I have.
As I visited farms and talked with producers, they just couldn’t see the end in sight. Beets were coming into “late” planting days, as was every other crop. A USDA report was due to come out soon and every producer in our area already knew what the outcome would be — or so we thought. The first report came out as expected, showing that almost nothing was in the ground and we were starting to get behind. But by the time the second report came out, the USDA stated that planting was in full swing and looked positive. I thought "how can this be?" I looked around and hardly anybody had even broken ground yet! What is the USDA talking about? They are nuts! Nor were our markets going through the roof like we thought they would, either. We had no crops in, yet the government was telling us things were fine and the markets stayed steady.
I truly struggled with this report, so I called a few colleagues outside of Michigan and asked about planting in their area. I told them how wet and cold our soil still was, as they proceeded to tell me that nearly all their crops were in. I was baffled! This whole scenario opened up my eyes. It forced me to take off my tunnel vision glasses and look at the big picture. I saw that we are only one part of an entire industry. Even the biggest producers in my area are but a small portion of this agricultural landscape. We need to keep in mind that just because we are struggling with weather, the whole United States may not be. For a producer to sit on last year’s crop because they just “know” that prices are going to go up with the lack of crop due to the Michigan weather is plain ignorant. We cannot simply go off of what we see in our backyards, but instead open our minds and broaden our horizons.
It's human nature to get stuck in our own world and the routine of our daily lives, but we have no reason not to take off our tunnel vision glasses. With today’s global markets, we have no choice but to keep up with the news and happenings all around us. Remember that in order for our agricultural market to continue to grow, we must open up new avenues globally. There will always be a local market, but we can't domestically use all that we grow. Thanks to research and technology, U.S. producers get more production out of our land today than we ever have in history, and this trend will have to continue because, unfortunately, there isn't any way to make more land.
As the world's population continues to grow, we even in the thumb of Michigan have to take a part in helping to feed that population. Not only is this the right thing to do, but it also opens up our local markets to the world. I have never met a cash crop farmer that doesn’t absolutely love to watch the markets on the board of trade go up! This can't happen without keeping the global perspective in mind. Our local markets alone will not get our producers the prices they would like. In my opinion, anyone who is not willing to open their minds to new ideas will be left in the dust. The agricultural world is on a speed train that is flying fast, throw off your tunnel vision glasses and jump aboard for the ride!
Multiple international tenders were announced on Monday morning
Alert: Grain markets open at 8:30 central time this morning
Rain over 4th of July holiday was mixed, with majority of the grain belt receiving small amounts of precipitation. Michigan, Missouri and Nebraska saw the heaviest rain with some areas receiving 1 to 3 inches. The 6 to 10 day outlook projects a drying pattern developing over the central and northern grain belt, while Indiana and Ohio will continue to see precipitation. Crop progress and conditions will be updated this afternoon by the USDA and few changes are expected following a week of good growing conditions. Last week the USDA projected 75% of corn and 72% of soybeans rated good to excellent.
There were three notable tenders on the international market this morning with Jordan issuing a tender to buy 100,000 metric tons of optional origin hard milling wheat, Turkey issuing a tender to purchase up to 235,000 metric tons of milling wheat as well as 200,000 metric tons of feed barley and the United Arab Emirates issuing a tender to purchase 100,000 metric tons of corn along with 30,000 metric tons of feed barley and 15,000 tons of soymeal.
There has been some talk over the weekend that U.S crushing facilities have been looking for South American soybeans for August and September delivery. Last week we did observe basis at river terminals and crushing facilities outperformed the rest of the market significantly, increasing 6 cents from June 25 to July 2.
U.S. grain futures slipped lower over night with corn trading down 2 cents, soybeans off 2 cents, and Chicago wheat down 5 cents.This morning’s export sales report showed strong sales for U.S. corn and soybeans while wheat missed expectations. Soybean sales were reported at 1.466 mill...